Both spin-ups recycle years of piControl climate data and use a constant CO2 concentration of Using a combination of plant physiological relations, generalized empirically established functions and plant trait parameters, it simulates processes such as photosynthesis, plant growth, maintenance and regeneration losses, fire disturbance, soil moisture, runoff, evapotranspiration, irrigation and vegetation structure. Nitrate moved to the lower soil layer with percolation NO 3 – perc , l is calculated as. Furthermore, nitrogen transformation in soils is simulated in a more sophisticated way incorporating the immobilization of nitrogen. Global Change Biology, doi:


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The establishment of PFTs in natural vegetation is constrained by climatic suitability and the density of the existing vegetation, whereas their mortality depends on climatic stress i. Is cropland soil management included?

A multi-trait test of the leaf-height-seed plant strategy scheme with species from a pine forest flora, Funct. Plantarum, 50, —, https: Resilience of Amazon forests emerges from plant trait diversity. A mechanistic, globally applicable model of plant nitrogen uptake, retranslocation, and fixation, Global Biogeochem.

LPJmL4 — a dynamic global vegetation model with managed land — Part 2: Global Carbon BudgetEarth Syst. Calculated in the model as annual output, hence total area affected within one year.



Water Resources Research 47, W, doi: The simulated evapotranspiration fluxes shown in Figs. Outputs are generated as daily, monthly or annual spatially explicit time series for individual plants, carbon and water pools and fluxes, individual land-use types or the entire mosaic present in each grid cell.

Lpjkl ratio increases slightly by 3.

LPJ & LPJmL Versions — PIK Research Portal

Water demand is then recalculated using the reduced V max. Carbon dynamics are mostly unchanged from the predecessor version LPJmL3. Drivers and patterns of land biosphere carbon balance reversal. Windows installer available for download from http: First, for each soil layer the fluxes of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere are calculated and the respective fluxes of Nreflecting the actual C: For this approximation, we use the allocation shares of the previous year f rootf sapwood:.

To calculate the limitation opjml N availability, N stress is calculated after determining water stress on photosynthesis.

N ratios of roots and sapwood relative to the C: The system is solved for a 1a 2… a n so that the relative ratios R 1…R n – 1 are ensured. Search Site only in current section.

Impact of abundance weighting on the response of seed traits to climate and land use, J. Finally, the amount of nitrate that is removed with surface runoff NO 3 – surf and lateral flow NO 3 – latl is calculated as. Components of leaf dry mass per area — thickness and density — alter leaf photosynthetic capacity in reverse directions in woody plants, New Phytol.


LPJ & LPJmL Versions

Yes; “storage organ” carbon pool added to harvest flux. Article Assets Peer review Metrics Related articles.


Effect of increasing CO 2 on the terrestrial carbon cycle, P. Crop rotation modelling — A European model pljml, Eur. N ratios so that less biomass is available for leaves and thus less light can be intercepted. The temperature function f T for N uptake is given by Thornley N ratios are flexible.

Impact model: LPJmL

Drivers and patterns of land biosphere carbon balance reversal, Environ. Natural ignition once soil moisture threshold for available litter associated with plant productivity is reached. Foliar nutrients in relation to growth, allocation and leaf traits in seedlings of a wide range lpml woody plant species and types, Oecologia,—, https: